智慧点心坊: 点亮和滋养心灵!

Wisdom Snack: lightening & nourishing the soul!原创心灵驿站!

意识的井然有序:心流

flow

本文为【哈佛幸福课推荐书】—Flow 读书笔记之二

外在事件进入意识时纯属资讯,不一定具有正面或是负面的作用。是自我根据本身的利害关系,对资讯加以阐释,并决定它是否有害。

每当资讯对意识的目标构成威胁的时候,意识就变得混乱无秩序,自我受到了损害,Csikszentmihalyi称这种现象为“精神熵”(psychic entropy)。人们经常用痛苦、恐惧、愤怒、焦虑、嫉妒等字眼来称呼它。这种现象强迫注意力转移到了错误的方向,不再发挥预期的功能,精神能量不再起作用。

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从控制意识开始

意识

本文为【哈佛幸福课推荐书】—Flow 读书笔记之一

Csikszentmihalyi花了25年的时间发现:

幸福不会自动产生,它与运气或概率无关;它用钱买不到,也不能用权力夺到;它不受外界事物的控制,而是取决于我们对外在事物的诠释。实际上,幸福是一种要靠个人准备、培养与维护的状态。只有学会掌控内心体验的人,才能决定自己的生活品质;具备这种能力,也就相当于接近幸福的境界了。
happiness is not something that happens. It is not the result of good fortune or random chance. It is not something that money can buy or power command. It does not depend on outside events, but, rather, on how we interpret them. Happiness, in fact, is a condition that must be prepared for, cultivated, and defended privately by each person. People who learn to control inner experience will be able to determine the quality of their lives, which is as close as any of us can come to being happy.

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最优体验指南—读 Flow

本书为智慧点心坊108本英文经典心灵书籍读书笔记的第4本,属于哈佛幸福课推荐书读书笔记系列。中文简体译本《幸福的真意》,《当下的幸福》

心流有助于自我的整合,因为在那种极其极其专注的情形下,意识异乎寻常地处于一种非常有序的状态。思想、意图、感觉和所有的感官都集中在同一目标上,体验的一切是和谐的。当心流结束时,人会觉得比过去更加“完整”。这不仅是对自己的内心而言,对他人和整个世界亦如是。
Flow helps to integrate the self because in that state of deep concentration consciousness is unusually well ordered. Thoughts, intentions, feelings, and all the senses are focused on the same goal. Experience is in harmony. And when the flow episode is over, one feels more ‘together’ than before, not only internally but with respect to other people and the world in general.

                                                                           —Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

人什么时候最幸福?很多人会认为生命中最美好的时光莫过于心无牵挂、感觉明锐、完全放松的时刻。而美国心理学家Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi则认为:

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